The Board of Quality Control is an government organization created by the Society for the purpose of monitoring and preserving it's caste system. It sets policy to keep the various colors in line. It is focused on genetic and social engineering
It's reach extends to all colors, from the lowers to the highest. Among it's duty is to maintain the primacy Gold by (among other things) determining which infants are fit to live and which are to die, aiming for a mortality rate of about 3%.
One known practice of determining a baby's life is to leave the baby exposed to the wild, without nurture or protection. Mothers are therefore forced to not receive any aid during childbirth. The board also monitors the Institute results, Census Data of The Society, and can end the life of a child if it deems the child an abomination, such as Sevro, who was born from a Red mother and a Gold father, through illegal bio-engineering.