The Society is the Solar System's dominant human government. It has been in effect for over 700 years, ruling the lives of at least 14 generations of Humanity. Its people are separated into different "Colors," indicating both caste and vocation. Proponents of the Society consider it to be the most effective and perfect government ever devised by Man. The Society currently encompasses roughly 18 billion souls.
In order to colonize other worlds, Humanity naturally required an immense force of dedicated labor. By genetic and surgical manipulation, Mankind was gradually discriminated into the various Colors of The Society. Initially, Gold was merely a rank, indicated by the wearing of a gold uniform. Over time, undesirable traits were bred-out of the ruling class and their physical and mental abilities were escalated to what 21st-century Man would call super-human.
Once The Society had established itself on the first colonies, Gold decided that Earth was no longer a necessary governing body but a meddlesome parent. So there was war. Earth lost and was supplanted by The Society as the guiding star of Humanity’s destiny.
Oligarchic hierarchy. Gold is the ruling class and The Senate are selected from their ranks. It is unclear precisely HOW Senators are elected but it seems likely there is at least some semblance of Republicanism.
The Society's forces include at least six fleets of starships. Within these fleets are Grays, Obsidians, and Golds. Some Gold military ranks include Legate, Praetor, Imperator, archImperator, and archLegate.
The Society is centered around the Core, Luna, but the reach of the Society extends throughout the Solar System, though the Society's progress stopped once the Solar System was inhabited, as noted by Lorn au Arcos in Golden Son.
All Colors of the Society are genetically modified humans. Their population currently total around 18 billion, with about a 100 million being Golds. About 1/1000 of that are Peerless Scarred. To differentiate their class, they were genetically altered to have different color-coded eyes and hair, with vibrance defining the tiers in each class.
All Colors also have Sigils implanted into both wrists and attached to the metacarpus to provide additional identification. Most of them were designed based on the alchemical symbols. 
There is no unifying religion among the Colors of The Society. Reds believe that in death, they will meet an Old Man, who shepherds the souls of the departed on to the afterlife. Obsidians worship Golds as literal Gods (a measure enforced upon them in response to a dangerously-effective rebellion). Golds are characterized as entirely Atheist.
If one had to name a “Religion” of The Society, it would be The Society itself. Indeed, Humans of every color are indoctrinated to worship (in effect, if not in name) the structure and rigidity of the hierarchy.
Economic activities mainly occur with further planets engaging in trading with the Core. Economics are generally handled by Silvers, most notably Regulus ag Sun, Quicksilver.
Depending on social caste and rank, different members of society receive different levels of education. For example, a Blue pilot would be trained in flying starships and spacefaring theory from a young age, but a Red laborer who would have no use for that would not. An Obsidian would be trained to fight and battle, but an Orange would be learning about gears and mechanisms. It all depends on what their color does (Reds mine, Obsidians fight, etc)
As in modern society, the rich and affluent often entertain themselves with lavish parties, courtesans, or semi-barbaric sports at lower classes' expense. Those who indulge in these pleasures are called Pixies and are looked down upon by other Golds who consider themselves above such things.
In the lower castes, entertainment becomes more simple. The Reds are shown to enjoy dancing, almost as if its in their blood.
Most citizens speak and write in midLingo, with the lowest classes somewhat literate, with the possible exception of Obsidians. Obsidians were stripped of all technology except Stone Age-level knowledge, and apparently they can speak Icelandic. Golds and some higher-tiered Colors also learn the ancient languages of Latin, Arabic, Chinese, English and German, among others, as part of history and culture.
- Sons of Ares
- Praetorian guards
- Olympic Knights
- Intelligence Bureau
- Securitas Intelligence
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